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Experimental Characterization and Modeling of RF Jamming Attacks on VANETs

Puñal, O. ; Pereira, C. ; Aguiar, A. ; Gross, J.

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology Vol. 64, Nº 2, pp. 524 - 540, February, 2015.

ISSN (print): 0018-9545
ISSN (online): 0018-9545

Journal Impact Factor: 1,978 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TVT.2014.2325831

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Abstract
In this work, we evaluate the performance of 802.11p-based vehicular communications in the presence of RF jamming attacks. Specifically, we characterize the transmission success rate of a car-to-car link subject to constant, periodic, and reactive RF jamming. First, we conduct extensive measurements in an anechoic chamber, where we study the benefits of built-in techniques for interference mitigation. In addition, we identify that the periodic transmission of preamblelike jamming signals can hinder successful communication despite being up to five orders of magnitude weaker than the signal of interest. We further provide the rationale behind this remarkably high jammer eectiveness. Additionally, we quantify the impact of reaction delay and interference signal length on the eectiveness of the reactive jammer. Next, by means of outdoor measurements, we evaluate the suitability of the indoor measurements for being used as a model to characterize the performance of car-to-car communications in the presence of RF jamming. Finally, we conduct outdoor measurements emulating a vehicular platoon and study the threats that RF jamming poses to this VANET application. We observe that constant, periodic, but also reactive jammer can hinder communication over large propagation areas, which would threaten road safety.