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Robust Joint Synchronization and Channel Estimation Approach for Frequency-Selective Environments

Lopes, B. ; Catarino, S. ; Souto, N.S. ; Dinis, R. ; Cercas, F.

IEEE Access Vol. 6, Nº -, pp. 53180 - 53190, December, 2018.

ISSN (print): 2169-3536
ISSN (online): 2169-3536

Journal Impact Factor: 1,270 (in 2015)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2871060

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Abstract
Supporting spontaneous low-latency machine-type communications requires fast synchronization and channel estimation at the receiver. The problems of synchronizing the received frame and estimating the channel coefficients are often addressed separately with the later one relying on accurate timing acquisition. While these conventional approaches can be adequate in flat fading environments, time dispersive channels can have a negative impact on both tasks and severely degrade the performance of the receiver. To circumvent this large degradation, in this paper, we consider the use of a sparse-based reconstruction approach for joint timing synchronization and channel estimation by formulating the problem in a form that is closely related to compressive sensing framework. Using modified versions of well-known sparse reconstruction techniques, which can take into account the additional signal structure in addition to sparsity, it is shown through numerical simulations that, even with short training sequences, excellent timing synchronization and channel estimation performance can be achieved, both in single user and multiuser scenarios.