Virtual Traffic Lights in Partial Deployment Scenarios
; Steenkiste, P.
Virtual Traffic Lights in Partial Deployment Scenarios, Proc IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symp. - IV, Gold Coast, Australia, Vol. -, pp. - - -, June, 2013.
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Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are seen as an important enabling technology for improving both traffic safety and efficiency. Virtual Traffic Lights (VTLs) are a promising proposal for reducing travel time by efficiently controlling road intersections. VTLs use vehicle-to-vehicle com- munication to dynamically optimize traffic flow and they display traffic light information on the windshield. However, research so far has assumed that all vehicles are equipped with VTL support and it has ignored the incremental deployment phase, which could last decades. In this paper we present a solution for a VTL partial deployment scenario that is based on the idea of having VTL equipped cars display traffic light information on the outside of the vehicle. This allows drivers in non-equipped vehicles, or even pedestrians, to see the light color and respond accordingly. We show that the benefits of VTLs in terms of intersection throughput and average delay reduction grow as a function of the penetration rate of equipped vehicles.