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A 2D Ray-Tracing Based Model for Micro- and Millimeter-Wave Propagation Through Vegetation

Leonor, N. ; Caldeirinha, R. F. S. ; Fernandes, T. ; Ferreira, D. ; Sanchez , M.

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation Vol. 62, Nº 12, pp. 6443 - 6453, December, 2014.

ISSN (print): 0018-926X
ISSN (online): 0018-926X

Scimago Journal Ranking: 1,77 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TAP.2014.2362124

A novel two dimensional model to characterize the electromagnetic behavior of trees has been developed with the purpose of being used in ray-tracing based simulation platforms. This model uses various point scatterers with specific radiation characteristics to describe the effect of the trees present in the radiowave propagation path. The method to extract the parameters of the point scatterers from measurements is presented. The performance of this novel formulation is assessed in a tree formation scenario against measurements results obtained in a controlled environment, inside an anechoic chamber, at 20 and 62.4 GHz. Additionally, a comparison analysis with a discretized Radiative Energy Transfer (dRET) approach is conducted, where a relatively good agreement has been found. The absence of readily plug-in models considering propagation through and/or around vegetation makes this new tool interesting for radio planning purposes.