Wireless sensor network-based solution for environmental monitoring: water quality assessment case study
Dias Pereira, J. M.
IET Science, Measurement and Technology Vol. 1, Nº 1, pp. 1 - 7, June, 2014.
ISSN (print): 1751-8822
ISSN (online): 1751-8830
Journal Impact Factor: 0,954 (in 2014)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1049/iet-smt.2013.0136
The challenges of climate change, population growth, demographic change, urbanization and resource depletion mean
that the world’s great cities need to adapt to survive and thrive over the coming decades. Slashing greenhouse gas emissions to
prevent catastrophic climate change, while maintaining or increasing quality of life, can be a costly and difficult process. Two
factors that directly affect the life quality in the XXI century cities are the water and air quality that can be monitored using
the combination of low cost sensing modules, machine to machine (M2M) and internet of things (IoT) technologies. In this
context, this study presents a wireless sensor network architecture that combines low cost sensing nodes and a low cost multiparameters
sensing probe for reliable monitoring of water quality parameters of surface waters (lakes, estuaries and rivers) in
urban areas. A particular attention is dedicated to the design of the conductivity, temperature and turbidity signal conditioning
circuits, highlighting important issues related to linearisation, measuring dynamic range and low-cost implementation by
using commercial off-the-shelf components and devices. Several issues related to the wireless sensor network implementation
are included in this study, as well as several simulation and experimental results.