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On the Impact of Virtual Traffic Lights on Carbon Emissions Mitigation

Ferreira, M. ; d´Orey, P. M.

Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Vol. 13, Nº 1, pp. 284 - 295, March, 2012.

ISSN (print): 1547-2450
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 1,031 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TITS.2011.2169791

Abstract
Considering that the transport sector is responsible for an increasingly important share of current environmental problems, we look at Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) as a feasible means of helping in solving this issue. In particular, we evaluate the impact in terms of Carbon Dioxide $(hbox{CO}_{2})$ emissions of Virtual Traffic Light (VTL), which is a recently proposed infrastructureless traffic control system solely based on Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communication. Our evaluation uses a real-city scenario in a complex simulation framework, involving microscopic traffic, wireless communication, and emission models. Compared with an approximation of the physical traffic light system deployed in the city, our results show a significant reduction on $hbox{CO}_{2}$ emissions when using VTLs, reaching nearly 20% under high-density traffic.