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Joint Statistics of Rain Attenuation at 20 GHz in Madrid and Aveiro

Garcia-del-Pino, P. G. ; Rocha, A. ; Riera, J. M. R.

IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters Vol. 9, Nº 1, pp. 799 - 802, August, 2010.

ISSN (print): 1536-1225
ISSN (online): 1536-1225

Journal Impact Factor: 1,312 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/LAWP.2010.2063413

Rain attenuation is the most severe propagation impairment affecting radiowave signals in the Ka-band. The use of these frequencies for satellite communication systems is facilitated by the implementation of fade mitigation techniques (FMTs). Spatial correlation of rain rate and rain attenuation for distances of several hundred kilometers has been rarely characterized in experiments, however it is relevant for site diversity studies, with distances in this range, and for the design and operation of multibeam satellite systems with shared on-board radio resources. In this letter, experimental results regarding joint statistics of rain and rain attenuation are presented for Madrid, Spain, and Aveiro, Portugal, located 420 km apart. These results have been achieved from two years of simultaneous measurements of the Eutelsat HB-6 Ka-band beacon at 19.7 GHz. It is shown that high-attenuation events are independent, whereas there is some correlation for low-attenuation levels.