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Broadband Integrated Lens for Illuminating Reflector Antenna with Constant Aperture Efficiency

Fernandes, C. A. ; Lima, E.B. ; Costa, J.R.

IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation Vol. 52, Nº 12, pp. 3805 - 3813, December, 2010.

ISSN (print): 0018-926X
ISSN (online): 0018-926X

Journal Impact Factor: 2,181 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TAP.2010.2078463

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Abstract
This paper presents a new integrated shaped lens antenna configuration with frequency stable radiation pattern and phase center position across a broad 1:3 frequency band, which can be used for focal plane reflector feeding in quasi-optical radio telescope systems. The lens is compatible with the integration of ultra-wideband uniplanar printed feeds at its base and equally broadband mixing devices, like the Hot Electron Bolometer (HEB), although these are not used in the present work. Measurements on a scaled mm-wave lab prototype have confirmed stable performance versus frequency, with only ±1dB directivity variation, and better than 94% Gaussicity, thanks to the possibility to impose a predefined output radiation pattern template. Simulations were performed to test the illumination of an off-set parabolic reflector by the lens radiation pattern, which confirmed reasonably constant aperture efficiency in the order of 78% across the 100% bandwidth.