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Electromyography in Front Crawl Technique- Case Study

Conceição, A. C. ; Palma, S. P. ; Silva, H. ; Gamboa, H. ; Louro, H. L.

Open Sports Sciences Journal Vol. 3, Nº , pp. 67 - 69, May, 2010.

ISSN (print): 1875-399X
ISSN (online): 1875-399X

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Abstract
The need to develop systems electromyographic (EMG) in the aquatic environment, has led several researchers to refine these instruments to ensure the credibility of the data provided by EMG. The aim of this study is to characterize the behavior of two muscle muscles involved in the crawl technique (biceps brachii and triceps brachii) over a test of
200m crawl. A protocol of 4 x 50m with an interval of 15 seconds at a swimming speed of pre-established, making each part to 95% of transit time for 200m crawl. The EMG signal of the BB and TB muscles of the right arm was removed throughout the test and then synchronized with the video image, and selected 5 cycles of swimming on all identical pathways. There is a gradual decrease of its average muscle activity. The BB was about 43% and TB was 26%. The largest variation on it, in the case of BB, between the third and fourth route (21%), and in the case of TB, between the second and third route (14%). The muscles studied demonstrated changes in the duration of swim cycles, indicating that, there is a decrease in muscle activity, this supposed to be due to limitations in production capacity under swimmer and the characteristics of the art of swimming which are changing as increasing fatigue.