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Self-Organization and Excited-State Dynamics of a Fluorene-Bithiophene Copolymer (F8T2) in Solution

Charas, A. ; Morgado, J. ; Maçanita, A.

Macromolecules Vol. 43, Nº 2, pp. 765 - 771, January, 2010.

ISSN (print): 0024-9297
ISSN (online): 1520-5835

Journal Impact Factor: 5,800 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1021/ma902096p

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Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-alt-bithiophene) (F8T2) exhibits two distinct conformations in
solution depending on the temperature and solvent. The transition from the high- to low-temperature
conformation resembles the â-phase formation of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO), in the sense that there is
an increase of the conjugation length, while involving less pronounced enthalpy and entropy changes (ÄH=
-7.1 kcal/mol and ÄS=-22.9 cal/(mol K) vs ÄH=-18.0 kcal/mol and ÄS=-68.4 cal/(mol K) for PFO).
The entropy loss indicates a substantial increase in the polymer order in the low-temperature conformation.
Fluorescence decays of F8T2 in solvents with various viscosities, at different temperatures and collected at
different emission wavelengths, are triple-exponential in character (e.g., 20, 440, and 650 ps in methylcyclohexane,
at 20 C). The two longer decay times are related to the lifetimes of the two conformations. The
shorter decay time appears as either a decay or rise time, at the onset or the tail of the emission band,
respectively, and is assigned to conformational relaxation on the basis of its dependence on solvent viscosity
and temperature.