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Low-Density Ferromagnetism in Biased Bilayer Graphene

Castro, Eduardo V. ; Peres, N. M. R. ; Stauber, T. ; Silva, N. A.

Physical Review Letters Vol. 100, Nº 18, pp. 186803-1 - 186803-4, May, 2008.

ISSN (print): 1079-7114
ISSN (online): 0031-9007

Journal Impact Factor: 7,180 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.186803

Abstract
We compute the phase diagram of a biased graphene bilayer. The existence of a ferromagnetic phase is discussed with respect to both carrier density and temperature. We find that the ferromagnetic transition is first-order, lowering the value of U relatively to the usual Stoner criterion. We show that in the ferromagnetic phase the two planes have unequal magnetization and that the electronic density is holelike in one plane and electronlike in the other.