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Effective Nonlinear Parameter Measurement Using FWM in Optical Fibers in a Low Power Regime

Silva, N. A. ; Muga, N. J. ; Pinto, A. N.

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics Vol. 46, Nº 3, pp. 285 - 291, March, 2010.

ISSN (print): 0018-9197
ISSN (online): 0018-9197

Journal Impact Factor: 2,413 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/JQE.2009.2032558

The four-wave mixing (FWM) process in a low power regime is studied both theoretically and experimentally. The coupled-equations for the complex amplitudes are derived and solved. The proposed model is compared with experimental data. Results shows the need of considering both nonlinear and polarization dependent effects in order to obtain an accurate description of the four-wave mixing process in a low power regime. The effective nonlinear parameter is experimentally measured in a dispersion-shifted fiber, and the transition region between an almost co-polarized situation to a decorrelated state of polarization is observed.