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Optimisation of a Corrugation-Pitch-Modulated DFB laser structure with inhomogeneous coupling coefficient for stable single longitudinal mode operation

Boavida, J.M. ; Morgado, J. ; Fernandes, C. F.

European Physical Journal Applied Physics Vol. 48, Nº 3, pp. 30701 - 30701, December, 2009.

ISSN (print): 1286-0042
ISSN (online): 1286-0042

Journal Impact Factor: 0,822 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1051/epjap/2009186

Abstract
This paper shows that a suitable design of a corrugation-pitch-modulated (CPM) distributed-coupling-coefficient (DCC) distributed feedback (DFB) laser structure can strongly improve the mode selectivity (G) and the flatness (F) of DFB laser structures in order to ensure the required criteria for single longitudinal mode operation ( G > 0.25 and F < 0.05), through an extended range of current injection. It is shown that a symmetric structure should be used in order to accomplish the requirements imposed by the modern optical communication systems. Photon and carrier rate equations have been used in order to evaluate the performance of the proposed laser structure in the above-threshold regime. The variations of G , F , the lasing wavelength, the emitted power (P) and the side-mode-suppression-ratio (SMSR) with the current injection (I) have been evaluated. For I = 5Ith, where Ith is the laser threshold current, substantial improvements in G (3.8 times better), in F (2 times better), in P (15% higher) and in the SMSR (about 3.4 dB higher) are achieved in the proposed CPM-DCC-DFB laser when compared to an optimised CPM-DCC-DFB laser referred elsewhere. The improvements are even better when compared to the standard QWS-DFB laser.