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Polymer light-emitting diodes efficiency dependence on bipolar charge traps concentration

Alcácer, L. ; Morgado, J.

Research Letters in Materials Science Vol. 2009, Nº 503042, pp. 1 - 4, July, 2009.

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Abstract
The efficiency of light-emitting diodes, LEDs, based on poly[(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)-alt-1,4-benzo-{2,1’-3}-thiadiazole)], F8BT, is optimized upon simultaneous doping with a hole and an electron trapping molecule, namely, N,N′-Bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N′-diphenylbenzidine and 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole, respectively. It is shown that, for devices with poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) doped with polystyrene sulfonic acid as hole-injection layer material and magnesium cathodes, the efficiency is nearly doubled (from ca. 2.5 to 3.7 cd/A) upon doping with ca. 0.34% by weight of both compounds.