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Impact of sampling rate and interpolation on photoplethysmography and electrodermal activity signals’ waveform morphology and feature extraction

Silva, R. ; Salvador, G. ; Bota, P. ; Fred, A. L. N. ; Silva, H.

Neural Computing and Applications Vol. 1, Nº 4, pp. 1 - 17, April, 2022.

ISSN (print): 0941-0643
ISSN (online): 1433-3058

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,71 (in 2020)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1007/s00521-022-07212-6

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Abstract
The availability of low-cost biomedical devices has driven a growing interest in the use of physiological signals for mental and emotional health research. Due to their potential for integration in discrete wearable form factors, Photoplethysmography (PPG) and Electrodermal Activity (EDA) are particularly popular, especially in out-of-the-lab experiments. Although high-resolution data acquisition should be a priority, the sampling rate can greatly affect the power consumption and memory storage of the devices in long-term recordings. Moreover, systems with shared computational resources that simultaneously monitor different signals, can also have communication channel bandwidth constraints that limit the sampling rate. This work seeks to evaluate how the sampling rate and interpolation affect the signal quality of PPG and EDA signals, in terms of waveform morphology and feature extraction capabilities. We study the minimum sampling rate requirements for each signal, as well as the impact of interpolation methods on signal waveform reconstruction. Using a previously recorded dataset with signals originally recorded at 1 kHz, we simulate multiple lower sampling rates. Results show that for PPG a 50 Hz sampling rate with quadratic or cubic interpolation can achieve a temporal resolution identical to that of a 1 kHz acquisition, while for EDA the same can be said but with a 10 Hz sampling rate. Other recommendations are also proposed depending on the signal application.