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Effects of Small-Sided Games Training versus High-Intensity Interval Training Approaches in Young Basketball Players

Arslan, E.A. ; Kilit, B. K. ; Clemente, F.M.C. ; Murawska-Ciałowicz, E. M.-C. ; Soylu, Y. S. ; Sögüt, M. S. ; Akca, F. A. ; Gokkaya, M. G. ; Silva, A.F.S.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Vol. 19, Nº 5, pp. 2931 - 2931, March, 2022.

ISSN (print): 1661-7827
ISSN (online): 1660-4601

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,75 (in 2020)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.3390/ijerph19052931

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Abstract
This study aimed to investigate the effects of the 6-week small-sided games training (SSGs) vs. high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the psychophysiological and performance responses, and technical skills of young basketball players. Thirty-two male players (age: 14.5 ± 0.5 years of age) were randomly divided into SSGs group (n = 16) and HIIT group (n = 16) training methods thrice per week for 6 weeks. The players in the SSGs group performed two 5–8 min of 2 vs. 2 with 2 min rest periods, while the players in HIIT performed 12–18 min of runs at intensities (90 to 95%) related to the velocity obtained in the 30-15 intermittent fitness test (IFT). Pre-testing and post-testing sessions involved assessments of Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1, 30-15 intermittent fitness test, 5 and 30 m sprint times, vertical jump height, repeated sprint ability, defensive and offensive agility, and technical skills. The SSGs group demonstrated significantly higher agility-based technical responses in terms of the control dribbling and shooting skills (d = 1.71 vs. 0.20, d = 1.41 vs. 0.35, respectively) compared with the HIIT group. Conversely, the HIIT induced greater improvements in 30 m sprint times (d = 3.15 vs. 0.68). These findings provided that SSGs in youth basketball players may allow similar positive physical adaptations to HIIT, with an extra advantage of improving technical skills while improving enjoyability.