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Melanoma Classification using Light-Fields with Morlet Scattering Transform and CNN: surface depth as a valuable tool to increase detection rate

Pereira, Pedro M. M. ; Thomaz, L. A. ; Távora, L.M. ; Assunção, P.A. ; Pinto, R. ; Paiva, R. ; Faria, S.M.M.

Medical Image Analysis Vol. 75, Nº 75, pp. 102254 - 102254, January, 2022.

ISSN (print): 1361-8415
ISSN (online): 1361-8423

Scimago Journal Ranking: 4,17 (in 2021)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1016/

Medical image classification through learning-based approaches has been increasingly used, namely in the discrimination of melanoma. However, for skin lesion classification in general, such methods commonly rely on dermoscopic or other 2D-macro RGB images. This work proposes to exploit beyond conventional 2D image characteristics, by considering a third dimension (depth) that characterises the skin surface rugosity, which can be obtained from light-field images, such as those available in the SKINL2 dataset. To achieve this goal, a processing pipeline was deployed using a morlet scattering transform and a CNN model, allowing to perform a comparison between using 2D information, only 3D information, or both. Results show that discrimination between Melanoma and Nevus reaches an accuracy of 84.00, 74.00 or 94.00% when using only 2D, only 3D, or both, respectively. An increase of 14.29pp in sensitivity and 8.33pp in specificity is achieved when expanding beyond conventional 2D information by also using depth. When discriminating between Melanoma and all other types of lesions (a further imbalanced setting), an increase of 28.57pp in sensitivity and decrease of 1.19pp in specificity is achieved for the same test conditions. Overall the results of this work demonstrate significant improvements over conventional approaches.