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Autonomous Robot Path Construction Prototype Using Wireless Sensor Networks

Amaro, J. P. A. A. ; Caldeira, JMLPC ; Soares, V. N. G. J. S. ; Dias, João A. F. F. Dias

Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems Vol. 6, Nº 1, pp. 169 - 177, January, 2021.

ISSN (print): 2415-6698
ISSN (online):

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,19 (in 2021)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.25046/aj060119

The use of wireless sensor networks (WSN) can be a valuable contribution in disaster situations or life-threatening exploration. Using wireless mobile robots, it is possible to explore vast areas without human intervention. However, the wireless network coverage that can keep mobile robots connected to the base station / gateway is a major limitation. With this in mind it was created a prototype of an extensible WSN using mobile robot nodes that cooperate amongst themselves. The strategy adopted in this project proposes using three types of nodes: master node, static node, and robot node. Three different algorithms were also developed and proposed: Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) Request; Automovement; Robot Cooperation and Response to Static Node. The performance evaluation of the prototype was carried out using a real-world testbed with each developed algorithm. The results achieved were very promising to continue the evolution of the prototype.