Pay as You Go: A Generic Crypto Tolling Architecture
IEEE Access Vol. 8, Nº N.A., pp. 196212 - 196222, November, 2020.
ISSN (print): 2169-3536
Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,59 (in 2020)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3034299
The imminent pervasive adoption of vehicular communication, either localized (ETSI ITS G5, IEEE WAVE or cellular D2D), long range (5G) or hybrid, will foster a richer service ecosystem for vehicular applications. The appearance of new cryptography-based solutions envisaging digital identity and currency exchange are set to stem new approaches for existing and future challenges. This article presents a novel tolling architecture that harnesses the availability of 5G C-V2X connectivity for open road tolling using smartphones, IOTA as the digital currency, and Hyperledger Indy for identity validation. An experimental feasibility analysis is used to validate the proposed architecture for secure, private, and convenient electronic toll payment.