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A Multifunctional Integrated Circuit Router for Body Area Network Wearable Systems

Miyandoab, F. ; Ferreira, J. ; Tavares, V. ; Silva, J. ; Velez, F. J.

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking Vol. 28, Nº 5, pp. 1981 - 1994, July, 2020.

ISSN (print): 1063-6692
ISSN (online):

Scimago Journal Ranking: 1,02 (in 2020)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TNET.2020.3004550

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Abstract
A multifunctional router IC to be included in the nodes of a wearable body sensor network is described and evaluated. The router targets different application scenarios, especially those including tens of sensors, embedded into textile materials and with high data-rate communication demands. The router IC supports two different functionality sets, one for sensor nodes and another for the base node, both based on the same circuit module. The nodes are connected to each other by means of woven thick conductive yarns forming a mesh topology with the base node at the center. From the standpoint of the network, each sensor node is a four port router capable of handling packets from destination nodes to the base node, with sufficient redundant paths. The adopted hybrid circuit and packet switching scheme significantly improve network performance in terms of end-to-end delay, throughput and power consumption. The IC also implements a highly precise, sub-microsecond one-way time synchronization protocol which is used for time stamping the acquired data. The communication module was implemented in a 4-metal, 0.35 μm CMOS technology. The maximum data rate of the system is 35 Mbps while supporting up to 250 sensors, which exceeds current BAN applications scenarios.