Extracellular electrophysiological based sensor to monitor cancer cells cooperative migration and cell-cell connections
Mestre, A. G.
; Félix, R.
; Cristiano , M
Medeiros, M. C. R.
; Araújo , I
; Power, D.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics Vol. 145, Nº NA, pp. 111708 - 111708, December, 2019.
ISSN (print): 0956-5663
Scimago Journal Ranking: 2,55 (in 2018)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1016/j.bios.2019.111708
Herein, we describe an electrophysiological based sensor that reproducibly monitors and quantiﬁes in real-time collective migration and the formation of cell-cell junctions by C6 glioma cells seeded on top of electrodes. The signal amplitude and frequency generated by the migrating cells changed over time and these parameters were used to accurately calculate the migration speed. Electrophysiological measurements could also distinguish individual from collective cell migration. The migration of densely packed cells generated strong signals, while dispersed cells showed weak bioelectrical activity. We propose this electrophysiological technique as a cell-based biosensor to gain insight into the mechanisms of cooperative migration of cancer cells. Possible applications include screening for anti-migratory compounds, which may lead to the development of novel strategies for antineoplastic chemotherapy.