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Novel thermal annealing methodology for permanent tuning polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings to longer wavelengths

Pospori, A. ; Marques, C. ; Sagias, G. ; Lamela-Rivera, H. ; Webb, D. J.

Optics Express Vol. 26, Nº 2, pp. 1411 - 1421, January, 2018.

ISSN (print): 1094-4087
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 3,488 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1364/OE.26.001411

Abstract
The Bragg wavelength of a polymer optical fiber Bragg grating can be permanently
shifted by utilizing the thermal annealing method. In all the reported fiber annealing cases, the authors were able to tune the Bragg wavelength only to shorter wavelengths, since the polymer fiber shrinks in length during the annealing process. This article demonstrates a novel thermal annealing methodology for permanently tuning polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings to any desirable spectral position, including longer wavelengths. Stretching the polymer optical fiber during the annealing process, the period of Bragg grating, which is directly related with the Bragg wavelength, can become permanently longer. The methodology presented in this article
can be used to multiplex polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings at any desirable spectral position utilizing only one phase-mask for their photo-inscription, reducing thus their fabrication cost in an industrial setting.