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Analysis and Experiments on a Single-Inductor Half-Bridge LED Driver With Magnetic Control

Álvarez, J. ; Perdigão, M. ; Costa, Marco A. Dalla Costa ; Martínez, G. ; Osorio, R.

IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics Vol. 32, Nº 12, pp. 9179 - 9190, December, 2017.

ISSN (print): 0885-8993
ISSN (online):

Scimago Journal Ranking: 2,22 (in 2017)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TPEL.2017.2651955

This paper presents the analysis and experiments of a variable inductor (VI) based LED driver for dc grid lighting applications. The proposed driver requires only a series inductor and a transformer as major components to drive the LED lamp from a half-bridge inverter. By introducing a VI as the series inductor, the LED current can be controlled independently from any other parameter, which makes it possible to drive and regulate several LED branches from the same half-bridge output. Other advantages of the proposed converter include inherent open-circuit and short-circuit protections, zero-voltage switching for the bridge transistor and zero-current switching for the output rectifier diodes, simple dynamics, possibility of analog and pulse width modulation dimming, constant switching frequency operation, and high efficiency. The converter is thoroughly analyzed and modeled for both steady-state and dynamic operation. As another novelty of this paper, the dynamic response of the VI has been studied and taken into account to obtain the complete transfer function of the VI-controlled system. In addition, some housekeeping issues that usually arise when dealing with VI, e.g., how to drive the VI bias winding, are solved in this work. Experimental results provided from a 50 W laboratory prototype demonstrate the correctness of the performed analysis and the good possibilities of the proposed converter.