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Non-Markovianity, coherence, and system-environment correlations in a long-range collision model

Çakmak, B. C. ; Pezzutto, M. ; Paternostro, M. ; Müstecaplıoğlu, Ö. E. M.

Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Vol. 96, Nº 022109, pp. 022109-1 - 022109-8, August, 2017.

ISSN (print): 1050-2947
ISSN (online): 1094-1622

Journal Impact Factor: 2,808 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.022109

Abstract
We consider the dynamics of a collisional model in which both the system and environment are embodied by spin-1/2 particles. In order to include non-Markovian features in our model, we introduce interactions among the environmental qubits and investigate the effect that different models of such interaction have on the degree of non-Markovianity of the system's dynamics. By extending that interaction beyond the nearest neighbor, we enhance the degree of non-Markovianity in the system's dynamics. A further significant increase can be observed if a collective interaction with the forthcoming environmental qubits is considered. However, the observed degree of non-Markovianity in this case is nonmonotonic with the increasing number of qubits included in the interaction. Moreover, one can establish a connection between the degree of non-Markovianity in the evolution of the system and the fading behavior of quantum coherence in its state as the number of collisions grows. We complement our study with an investigation of system-environment correlations and present an example of their importance on a physical upper bound on the trace distance derivative.