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Using Artificial Neural Networks to Scale and Infer Vegetation Media Phase Functions

Gómez, P. ; Caldeirinha, Rafael ; Fernandes, T. ; Cuinas, I.

Neural Computing and Applications Vol. 29, Nº 12, pp. 1563 - 1574, June, 2018.

ISSN (print): 0941-0643
ISSN (online): 1433-3058

Journal Impact Factor: 0,812 (in 2009)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1007/s00521-016-2778-6

Accurate vegetation models usually rely on experimental data obtained by means of measurement campaigns. Nowadays, RET and dRET models provide a realistic characterization of vegetation volumes, including not only in-excess attenuation, but also scattering, diffraction and depolarization. Nevertheless, both approaches imply the characterization of the forest media by means of a range of parameters, and thus, the construction of a simple parameter extraction method based on propagation measurements is required. Moreover, when dealing with experimental data, two common problems must be usually overcome: the scaling of the vegetation mass parameters into different dimensions, and the scarce number of frequencies available within the experimental data set. This paper proposes the use of Artificial Neural Networks as accurate and reliable tools able to scale vegetation parameters for varying physical dimensions and to predict them for new frequencies. This proposal provides a RMS error lower than 1 dB when compared to unbiased measured data, leading to an accurate parameter extracting method, while being simple enough for not to increase the computational cost of the model.