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Coherent Access: A Review

Shahpari, A. ; Ferreira, RMF ; Luis, R.S. ; Vujicic , Z. ; Guiomar, F. P. ; Reis, J.D. ; Teixeira, A.

Journal of Lightwave Technology Vol. 35, Nº 4, pp. 1050 - 1058, February, 2017.

ISSN (print): 0733-8724
ISSN (online):

Scimago Journal Ranking: 1,17 (in 2017)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/JLT.2016.2623793

Abstract
In this paper, we will address the benefits of the coherent detection in future optical access networks. The scarcity of the optical spectrum, the required flexibility and constant evolution of requirements highlight the effectiveness of coherent techniques towards the future passive optical networks (PONs). A set of architectures for coherent optical access networks will be presented and the key attributes of each scenario will be investigated. In addition, as a basis to decrease the cost of the local oscillator (LO) at customer side, we experimentally investigate the possibility of using a low-cost laser as LO with real-time detection of a Nyquist-shaped differential quadrature phase-shift keying (DQPSK) signal using simple 8-bit digital signal processing (DSP) on a field-programmable gate array. Moreover, we experimentally derive a set of optimized parameters and their impact on the network operation for coherent ultra-dense wavelength division multiplexing (UDWDM) systems. The balance between the number of channels, power budget and dynamic power range will be evaluated. Furthermore, we demonstrate a reconfigurable real-time receiver DSP for future flexible UDWDM-PON systems applying the DQPSK and D8PSK modulation formats. By reviewing some of the motivations for this technology, such as flexibility, spectral efficiency, as well as compatibility with software-defined networking, we show that this technology is approaching the required maturity.