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On the Maximum Protection Problem in IP-over-WDM Networks Using IP LSP Protection

Medeiros, M. C. R. ; Correia, N.S.C.

Photonic Network Communications Vol. 10, Nº 1, pp. 73 - 85, July, 2005.

ISSN (print): 1387-974X
ISSN (online): 1572-8188

Journal Impact Factor: 0,427 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1007/s11107-004-1696-1

In dynamic IP-over-WDM networks efficient fault-management techniques become more difficult since as demands change with time the optimal logical topology varies as well. Changes in the virtual topology should be done with care because working IP LSPs routed on top of a virtual topology should not be interrupted. Reconfiguration of the virtual topology may also affect precomputed backup IP LSPs to be activated in case of failure meaning that backup IP LSPs would need to be recomputed after any change in the virtual topology. A good sense solution can be the dimensioning of the virtual topology for a worst case traffic scenario, having as goal the minimization of the network cost, for example, and then route dynamic IP LSPs on this virtual topology. The virtual topology would remain unchanged as long as possible, that is, until changes in the virtual topology are considered to bring considerable benefits. Since data services over IP are essentially of a best-effort nature, protection could be provided, using IP LSP protection, only when bandwidth is available in the virtual topology. The computation of backup IP LSPs does not interfere with working IP LSPs meaning that no service interruption will exist. Such a strategy, considered in this paper, allows resources to be used efficiently, since free bandwidth is used for backup purposes, while the normal delivery of traffic is guaranteed in peak traffic situations although having no protection guarantees. Our main objective is to quantify the spare capacity, which can be used for restoration (backup) purposes, over a virtual topology designed and optimized to carry a traffic scenario with no survivability and QoS requirements. We analyse the maximum protection (MP) problem in such IP-over-WDM network environment. Protection is provided to IP LSP requests whenever possible through bandwidth reservation in a backup IP LSP on the virtual topology. Besides the mathematical formalization of the MP problem, an upper bound and heuristic algorithms are proposed and evaluated. The traffic considered includes IP LSPs of different granularities and is the worst case traffic scenario for which the network should be dimensioned.