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Low-Cost On-Demand C-RAN Based Mobile Small-Cells

Radwan, A. R. ; Huq, K. ; Mumtaz, S.M. ; Tsang, K. ; Rodriguez, J.

IEEE Access Vol. 4, Nº -, pp. 2331 - 2339, May, 2016.

ISSN (print): 2169-3536
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 1,270 (in 2015)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2563518

Abstract
Although 4G networks are vastly being deployed around the world, the exponential growth of mobile traffic and the requirements of upcoming services are further pushing the limits on current mobile networks; hence worldwide research interests have shifted towards 5G paradigm. But 5G networks are not to be deployed till 2020; hence there is a need for solutions to address increasing demands of current networks, without incurring huge costs on operators. In this paper, we discuss low cost innovative networking scenario, which can be built using available 4G technologies, yet continue to exist within the 5G paradigm when deployed. The paper proposes on-demand deployment of mobile small cells, using either user mobile handsets or remote radio units (RRUs). The front-hauling from the core network to the small cells exploit disruptive technology trends, which are expected to play roles within the 5G paradigms, including cloud-based radio access network (C-RAN), and self-organizing networking. The paper discusses the envisioned scenario, shows how it can be built on expected 5G technologies trends, presents preliminary results that show the benefits gained from such deployment and finally details the foreseen open research challenges that need to be addressed.