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A New Technique to Equalize Branch Currents in Multiarray LED Lamps Based on Variable Inductors

A. Pinto, R. A. Pinto ; Álvarez, J. ; Perdigão, M. ; da Silva, M. F. ; do Prado, R. N. do Prado

IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications Vol. 52, Nº 1, pp. 521 - 530, January, 2016.

ISSN (print): 0093-9994
ISSN (online): 1939-9367

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,96 (in 2016)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TIA.2015.2483596

Abstract
In this paper, a new technique to equalize light-emitting diode (LED) currents in multiarray LED lamps is proposed. The current through the LEDs is controlled by changing the inductance of a variable inductor. The proposed technique can be employed to control the current through each LED branch independently. The operation principle of this technique and a design example of the proposed system are presented in detail in this paper. As an example, a forward converter has been selected to supply the LED branches, which can be designed to operate with one or several outputs. The component values of the converter as well as the LED current control circuit are also calculated as a design example. A prototype of the circuit has been implemented. The experimental results obtained at the laboratory are satisfactory and in accordance to the proposed design methodology. The proposed technique can prove to be very cost-effective for LED drivers in the range of 100 W and beyond with multiple independent LED arrays.