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Parallel Hyperspectral Unmixing Method via Split Augmented Lagrangian on GPU

Cedillo, J. ; Martin, G. Martin ; Nascimento, J.

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters Vol. 13, Nº 5, pp. 626 - 630, March, 2016.

ISSN (print): 1545-598X
ISSN (online):

Scimago Journal Ranking: 1,53 (in 2016)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/LGRS.2016.2522561

Abstract
One of the main problems of hyperspectral data analysis is the presence of mixed pixels due to the low spatial resolution of such images. Linear spectral unmixing aims at inferring pure spectral signatures and their fractions at each pixel of the scene. The huge data volumes acquired by hyperspectral sensors put stringent requirements on processing and unmixing methods. This letter proposes an efficient implementation of the method called simplex identification via split augmented Lagrangian (SISAL) which exploits the graphics processing unit (GPU) architecture at low level using Compute Unified Device Architecture. SISAL aims to identify the endmembers of a scene, i.e., is able to unmix hyperspectral data sets in which the pure pixel assumption is violated. The proposed implementation is performed in a pixel-by-pixel fashion using coalesced accesses to memory and exploiting shared memory to store temporary data. Furthermore, the kernels have been optimized to minimize the threads divergence, therefore achieving high GPU occupancy. The experimental results obtained for the simulated and real hyper spectral data sets reveal speedups up to 49 times, which demonstrates that the GPU implementation can significantly accelerate the method’s execution over big data sets while maintaining the methods accuracy.