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Determination of Crack Depth in Aluminum Using Eddy Currents and GMR Sensors

Ribeiro, A. L. ; Pasadas, D. ; Ramos, H. ; Rocha, T.

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Vol. 34, Nº 1, pp. 361 - 367, July, 2014.

ISSN (print): 0094-243X
ISSN (online): 978-0-7354-0888-3

Journal Impact Factor: (in 0)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1063/1.4914631

Abstract
In this paper we use eddy currents to determine the depth of linear cracks in aluminum plates. A constant field probe is used to generate the spatially uniform excitation field and a single axis giant magneto-resistor (GMR) sensor is used to measure the eddy currents magnetic field. Different depths were machined in one aluminum plate with 4 mm of thickness. By scanning those cracks the magnetic field components parallel and perpendicular to the crack’s line were
measured when the eddy currents were launched perpendicularly to the crack’s line. To characterize one crack in a plate of a given thickness and material, the experimental procedure was defined. The plate surface is scanned to detect and locate one crack. The acquired data enables the determination of the crack’s length and orientation. A second scanning is performed with the excitation current perpendicular to the crack and the GMR sensing axis perpendicular and parallel to the crack’s line.