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Cost effective refractive index sensor based on optical fiber micro cavities produced by the catastrophic fuse effect

Domingues, M. F. ; Antunes, P. ; Alberto, N. ; Frias, R ; Ferreira, M.R. ; André, P.S

Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation Vol. 77, Nº N/A, pp. 265 - 268, January, 2016.

ISSN (print): 0263-2241
ISSN (online): 0263-2241

Journal Impact Factor: 0,662 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1016/j.measurement.2015.07.031

Abstract
We propose a refractive index optical fiber sensor based on the micro cavities generated through the fiber catastrophic fuse effect. This sensor was tested in the measurement of solutions with refractive indices ranging from 1.3320 to 1.4280. The linear dependence of the reflection spectra modulation period as function of the surrounding environment refractive index leads to a resolution of 3×10-4 RIU. The proposed sensor is an innovative solution based on optical fiber damaged by the fuse effect, resulting in a cost effective solution.