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Liquid Hydrostatic Pressure Optical Sensor Based on Micro-Cavity Produced by the Catastrophic Fuse Effect

Domingues, M. F. ; Paixão, T. Paixão ; Mesquita, E. Mesquita ; Alberto, N. ; Frias, R ; Ferreira, M.R. ; Varum, H ; Antunes, P. ; André, P.S

IEEE Sensors Journal Vol. 15, Nº 10, pp. 5654 - 5658, October, 2015.

ISSN (print): 1530-437X
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 1,762 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/JSEN.2015.2446534

Abstract
We propose an optical fiber hydrostatic pressure sensor based on micro-cavities generated by the fiber fuse effect. The presented sensor is manufactured through the recycling of optical fiber destroyed by the fiber fuse effect, being, therefore, a cost-effective solution, when compared with other similar micro-cavity-based solutions. The developed sensor was characterized for pressures up to 20 kPa, showing a linear sensitivity coefficient of 0.47 ± 0.03 nm · kPa-1, for pressure values below 8 kPa. Furthermore, we propose a new theoretical model to describe the behavior of the microcavities embedded in optical fibers. This allows us to solve the discrepancies, already identified by other authors, between the experimental results and the ones attained with the flat mirrors Fabry-Perot model. By this way, we were able to describe the sensor response, within the full dynamic range.