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Personal identification from degraded and incomplete high resolution palmprints

Carreira, L. ; Sanchit, S. ; Correia, P.L. ; Soares, L. D.

IET Biometrics Vol. 4, Nº 2, pp. 53 - 61, June, 2015.

ISSN (print): 2047-4938
ISSN (online): 2047-4946

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,54 (in 2015)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1049/iet-bmt.2014.0043

A high resolution palmprint recognition system using full or partial, eventually degraded, palmprints is presented. Previous work on palmprint matching addressed mostly commercial applications, using low resolution images. However, in forensic scenarios, high resolution palmprints, although incomplete and/or degraded, are often used. Degradations may result from surface irregularities or impurities, which are often modelled as Gaussian or salt and pepper noise, as well as smearing of the palmprint because of hand sliding, which in this work is modelled as motion blur. The proposed system matches palmprints, full or partial, undegraded or subjected to one of the above degradations, against palmprints registered in a database. The proposed system extends previous work of the authors by adaptively selecting between two palmprint matching approaches, achieving better recognition results than either of the two individual strategies. The first approach relies on a motion blur compensation technique, while the second is based on a combination of the Fourier–Mellin transform with a modified phase-only correlation matching strategy. The presented results show that for sufficiently large palmprint areas the blur compensation technique works better, while for small-sized partial palmprints with large motion blur degradation values the second approach based on correlation is preferred.