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Real-Time IGBT Open-Circuit Fault Diagnosis in Three-Level Neutral-Point-Clamped Voltage-Source Rectifiers Based on Instant Voltage Error

Caseiro, L. ; Mendes, A. M. S.

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics Vol. 62 , Nº 3, pp. 1669 - 1678, March, 2015.

ISSN (print): 0278-0046
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 5,468 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TIE.2014.2341558

Abstract
This paper presents a real-time diagnostic algorithm for insulated-gate bipolar transistor open-circuit faults in three-level neutral-point-clamped rectifiers. This algorithm is based on the instant voltage error in the converter and requires only signals already available to the control system, avoiding the use of additional hardware. The algorithm is independent from the load and from the used control strategy and provides very fast detection and identification of the fault, with diagnostic times as low as two sample periods (in favorable conditions). Experimental results are presented for the operation of the rectifier with two distinct control and modulation strategies and in different conditions. Results show the algorithm's speed, effectiveness, and robustness.