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Past, Present and Future of IP telephony

Soares, V. S. ; Neves, P. A. C. S. N. ; Rodrigues, J. R.

Past, Present and Future of IP telephony, Proc IARIA International Conf. on Communication Theory, Reliability, and Quality of Service - CTRQ, Bucharest, Romania, Vol. CD, pp. - - -, July, 2008.

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Since the late 90's IP telephony, commonly referred to as Voice over IP (VoIP), has been presented as a revolution on communications enabling the possibility to converge historically separated voice and data networks, reducing costs, and integrating voice, data and video on applications. This paper presents a study over the standard VoIP protocols H.323, Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP), and H.248/Megaco. Given the fact that H.323 and SIP are more widespread than the others, we focus our study on them. For each of these protocols we describe and discuss its main capabilities, architecture, stack protocol, and characteristics. We also briefly point their technical limitations. Furthermore, we present the Advanced Multimedia System (AMS) project, a new system that aims to operate on Next Generation Networks (NGN) taking the advantage of its features, and it is viewed as the successor to H.323 and SIP.