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Hierarchical motion estimation for side information creation in Wyner-Ziv video coding

Ascenso, J. ; Pereira, F.

Hierarchical motion estimation for side information creation in Wyner-Ziv video coding, Proc International Conf. on Ubiquitous Information Management and Communication - ICUIMC, Suwon, Korea, South, Vol. -, pp. - - -, January, 2008.

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Abstract
Recently, several video coding solutions based on the distributed
source coding paradigm have appeared in the literature. Among them, Wyner-Ziv video coding schemes enable to achieve a flexible distribution of the computational complexity between the encoder and decoder, promising to fulfill requirements of emerging applications such as visual sensor networks and wireless surveillance. To achieve a performance comparable to the predictive video coding solutions, it is necessary to increase the quality of the side information, this means the estimation of the original frame created at the decoder. In this paper, an hierarchical motion estimation (HME) technique using different scales and increasingly smaller block sizes is proposed to generate a more reliable estimation of the motion field. The HME technique is integrated in a well known motion compensated frame interpolation framework responsible for the creation of the side information in a Wyner-Ziv video decoder. The proposed technique enables to achieve improvements in the rate-distortion (RD) performance up to 7 dB when compared to H.263+ and 3 dB when compared to H.264/AVC.