Hybrid Routing Mechanism for Wireless Vehicular Networks
Jooriah, M. J.
Hybrid Routing Mechanism for Wireless Vehicular Networks, Proc IEEE 93rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2021-Spring), Helsinki, Finland, Vol. , pp. - , April, 2021.
Digital Object Identifier:
Vehicular communication technologies can be short-range, such as ETSI ITS-G5 or the PC5/sidelink channel, or long-range, using the cellular network (LTE or 5G). However, none of the technologies alone can support the expected variety of applications for a large number of vehicles, nor all the temporal and spatial requirements of connected and autonomous vehicles. Thus, it is proposed the collaborative or hybrid use of short-range communications, with lower latency, and of long-range technologies, potentially with higher latency, but integrating aggregated data of a wider geographic scope. The experimental results prove that hybrid vehicular communications meet the requirements of cooperative intelligent transport systems, by taking advantage of the benefits of both communication technologies. When evaluated independently, the ITS-G5 technology has obvious advantages in terms of latency over the LTE technology, while the LTE technology performs better than ITS-G5, in terms of throughput and reliability.