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Skin lesion classification using features of 3D border lines

Pereira, Pedro M. M. ; Thomaz, L. A. ; Távora, L.M. ; Assunção, P.A. ; Pinto, R. ; Paiva, R. ; Faria, S.M.M.

Skin lesion classification using features of 3D border lines, Proc Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), Conference Online, Vol. , pp. - , October, 2021.

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Abstract
Machine learning algorithms are progressively assuming important roles as computational tools to support clinical diagnosis, namely in the classification of pigmented skin lesions using RGB images. Most current classification methods rely on common 2D image features derived from shape, colour or texture, which does not always guarantee the best results. This work presents a contribution to this field, by exploiting the lesions’ border line characteristics using a new dimension – depth, which has not been thoroughly investigated so far. A selected group of features is extracted from the depth information of 3D images, which are then used for classification using a quadratic Support Vector Machine. Despite class imbalance often present in medical image datasets, the proposed algorithm achieves a top geometric mean of 94.87%, comprising 100.00% sensitivity and 90.00% specificity, using only depth information for the detection of Melanomas. Such results show that potential gains can be achieved by extracting information from this often overlooked dimension, which provides more balanced results in terms of sensitivity and specificity than other settings.