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Applying energy efficient physical layer security into spatial multiplexed massive MIMO point-to-point communications

Dinis, R. ; Viegas, P. ; Borges, D. ; Rajaram, A. ; Carvalho, P. ; Jayakody, D. ; Oliveira, J.

Applying energy efficient physical layer security into spatial multiplexed massive MIMO point-to-point communications, Proc ETIC International Conference on Emerging Technologies of Information and Communications ETIC, Dewathang, Bhutan, Vol. , pp. - , March, 2019.

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Abstract
Point-to-point wireless communications can benefit from massive multiple-input multiple-output systems (mMIMO) to attain higher data rates. But even with mMIMO systems the joint optimization of spectral and energy efficiencies can be only achieved by multilevel modulations with an efficient power amplification. Also, wireless channels are prone to be intercepted which compromises security. These constrains can be overpassed by a transmitter using several amplification branches that result from the decomposition of a multilevel constellation as a sum of quasi constant envelope signal components that are sent independently. Under these conditions, the better power amplification efficiency comes together with a physical security due to the constellation shaping according to the direction in which the antenna arrangement is optimized. Besides, this multi-amplifier structure when inserted in a multi-layered structure where the antenna arrays connected to several multi branch structures in parallel could achieve the high data rates attainable by mMIMO with spatial multiplexing, assuring at same time similar performances to conventional mMIMO systems.