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Characterization and Modeling of the Bicycle-Antenna System for the 2.4GHz ISM Band

Santos, P. ; Pinto, L.P ; Almeida, L. ; Aguiar, A.

Characterization and Modeling of the Bicycle-Antenna System for the 2.4GHz ISM Band, Proc IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference VNC, Taipei, Taiwan, Vol. , pp. - , December, 2018.

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Abstract
Vehicular communication is rapidly becoming a standard reality, and precise models are necessary for accurate performance estimates. Alongside cars and trucks, smaller vehicles such as scooters and bicycles are also set to participate in V2X networking, but have received considerably less attention. In this work, we present an extensive characterization of the gain pattern of a bicycle and antenna system for the IEEE 802.11g standard. We measure the radiation patterns of the antenna of a commodity 2.4 GHz WiFi module mounted on six distinct positions on the body of six archetypal bicycles in an anechoic chamber. The RSSI sample set per angle and antenna position is characterized statistically and input into an empirical model of the gain pattern of the bicycle-antenna system. We define a bicycle-to-X propagation model that pairs the proposed bicycle-antenna gain and a log-distance shadowing path loss model, and conduct outdoor measurement campaign for evaluation. We observe that the gain model measured in chamber matches the measured RSSI at small distances, whereas at larger distances it provides less accuracy.