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Evaluation of cutaneous microcirculation patterns by laser speckle imaging

Bento, L. ; Távora, L.M. ; Assunção, P.A. ; Faria, S.M.M. ; Pinto, R.

Evaluation of cutaneous microcirculation patterns by laser speckle imaging, Proc IEEE International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics MIPRO, Opatija, Croatia, Vol. , pp. 290 - 293, May, 2018.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.23919/MIPRO.2018.8400055

Abstract
Atherosclerosis is a chronic systemic process affecting distal circulation, a condition known as Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). Epidemiological and clinical studies indicate a strong association between PAD and death due to cardiovascular diseases, thus the early detection of DAP by measuring perfusion levels of distal body regions is critical to prevent ischemic events. This work proposes a new methodology for the evaluation of local cutaneous perfusion through laser speckle video processing. The speckle pattern generated by a laser beam projected onto the skin surface after being expanded by an optical setup is captured by a CCD video camera. To evaluate the particular characteristics of the speckle pattern, a video processing algorithm based on an adaptive Local Binary Pattern approach, highlighted by a local Gaussian filtering scheme, the LBPg, was developed. In order to test this new method of video speckle analysis, different patterns of microcirculation were evaluated in skin regions with different textures. The experimental results were compared with others obtained in two clinical conditions associated with PAD (i.e., Deep Vein Thrombosis and Diabetic foot). The results show that the proposed approach is sensitive to the change in perfusion levels (even in cases with reduced perfusion variations), thus indicating that the use of laser speckle technology, jointly with LBPg, is a promising noninvasive, low cost and sensitive method for the early detection of PAD-related diseases.