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Evaluation of Focus Metrics in Extended Depth-of-field Reconstruction

Filipe, J. ; Távora, L.M. ; Assunção, P.A. ; Pinto, R. ; Faria, S.M.M.

Evaluation of Focus Metrics in Extended Depth-of-field Reconstruction, Proc International Conference on Quality of Multimedia Experience (QoMEX), Sardinia - Pula, Italy, Vol. , pp. - , May, 2018.

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Abstract
The performance of focus metrics in the evaluation of refocused images from light fields is investigated in this paper. To this aim, the paper presents a comprehensive study on the performance of a large set of different focus metrics (34 in total) in the evaluation of patch-based extended depth-of-field reconstructed images (e.g., all-in-focus). The new findings of this work demonstrate that optimal reconstruction of extended depth- of-field images, from light fields captured with focused plenoptic cameras, is not consistent with the focus level figures computed by available focus metrics. The results show that a higher focus level, as given by such computational methods, does not actually correspond to better all-in-focus images, thus indicating that currently available focus metrics are not suitable for evaluating the quality of extended depth-of-field reconstruction. The results obtained through subjective evaluation confirm that objective focus metrics fail to indicate the best focused images. Finally, the paper presents recommendations to adapt existing metrics to extended depth-of-field reconstruction in plenoptic imaging.