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Class-adapted blind deblurring of document images

Ljubenovic, M. ; Zhuang, L. ; Figueiredo, M. A. T.

Class-adapted blind deblurring of document images, Proc The 14th IAPR International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition ICDAR, Kyoto, Japan, Vol. , pp. - , November, 2017.

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Deblurring of document images is an important problem, with several relevant applications, such as camera-based document acquisition and processing systems. Consequently, considerable attention has been given to this problem, namely in the blind image deblurring (BID) scenario, where the blurring filter is (partially or fully) unknown. Traditional BID methods can be used for document images, but this is far from optimal, since those methods are tailored to natural images, that is, they rely on statistical properties of natural images. This has lead to the proposal of a few special-purpose techniques, namely by exploiting properties of text images. In fact, in document images, the most prevalent type of content is text, but in some cases, it is not the only one, with the other types being very different from text. For example, identity documents typically contain faces and/or fingerprints, which are not adequately treated by methods designed for images of text. In this work, we propose a new method for BID of documents, supported on a class-adapted dictionary-based prior (learned from one or more sets of clean images of specific classes) for the image and a sparsity inducing prior on the (unknown) blurring filter. This approach handles document images that contain two or more image classes (e.g., text and faces) which is a main contribution of our work. Experiments with document images containing both text and faces show the competitiveness of the proposed method in terms of restoration quality. Additionally, our experiments show that the proposed method is able to handle images with strong noise, outperforming state-of the art methods designed for BID of text images.