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eCall++: An enhanced emergency call system for improved road safety

Gaztañaga, JB ; Almeida, J. ; Fernandes, B. F. ; Silva, L. ; Alam , M. ; Fonseca, J. ; Ferreira, J.

eCall++: An enhanced emergency call system for improved road safety, Proc IEEE Vehicular Networking Conf. (VNC), Columbus, United States, Vol. , pp. - , December, 2016.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/VNC.2016.7835964

This paper presents an enhanced emergency Call (eCall) system that combines the native eCall services with the benefits provided by vehicular communications networks. The proposed solution, named eCall++, consists of a mobile application that automatically detects an accident and disseminates the alert notification, both via eCall and vehicular communications standards (IEEE WAVE / ETSI ITS-G5). In this work, two additional services are introduced: a passenger detection algorithm that informs the emergency services about the number of people inside the car during the crash; and a video streaming mechanism that enables vehicles in the vicinity of the accident to send a live record of the accident scene. These features are developed and implemented on an Android device connected to a custom vehicular communications system (the IT2S platform). The experimentally obtained results validate the proposed system and provide viable evidence to add additional features to the conventional eCall architecture.