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Towards Breast Ultrasound Image Segmentation using Multi-resolution Pixel Descriptors

Rodrigues, Rafael ; Braz, R. ; Sousa, M. ; Moutinho, J. ; Pinheiro, A.

Towards Breast Ultrasound Image Segmentation using Multi-resolution Pixel Descriptors, Proc International Conf. on Pattern Recognition - ICPR, Tsukuba, Japan, Vol. 21, pp. 2833 - 2836, November, 2012.

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Abstract
Breast ultrasound images are an important diagnostic factor for breast cancer detection. However, ultrasound imaging is intrinsically degraded by noise, resulting in a difficult detection of masses or nodules, and, most importantly, the evaluation of their size and shape.
Computer-aided diagnosis figures as a major help factor, when it comes to analyzing this type of medical imaging. A fully automated and computationally efficient method for breast ultrasound segmentation is proposed. The algorithm classifies the images, with Support
Vector Machines and Discriminant Analysis classifiers, based on a pixel descriptor formed with the information from anisotropic diffusion, band-pass filtering and scale-space curvature. The final segmentation results after the application of a set of heuristic rules for the selection of the classifiers’ result, based on the ultrasound image characteristics. The final segmentation results yielded good overall accuracy, precision and also recall rates.