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iQueue-MAC: A traffic adaptive duty-cycled MAC protocol with dynamic slot allocation

Zhuo, S. ; Wang, Z. ; Song, Y. ; Wang, Z. ; Almeida, L.

iQueue-MAC: A traffic adaptive duty-cycled MAC protocol with dynamic slot allocation, Proc IEEE Int. Conference on Sensing, Communication and Networking (SECON), New Orleans, United States, Vol. ., pp. . - ., June, 2013.

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Duty-cycling technique has been widely adopted in MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks to conserve energy. However, low duty-cycle also leads to limited throughput in most of existing solutions. In this paper, we propose iQueue-MAC to provide immediate yet energy-efficient throughput enhancement for dealing with burst or heavy traffic. Combined with CSMA/CA, iQueue-MAC makes use of queue length of each sensor node and allocates suitable TDMA slots to them for packets transmission. During light traffic period, no extra slots will be allocated; iQueue-MAC acts like other low duty-cycle MACs to conserve power. While in burst or heavy traffic period, iQueue-MAC senses the build up of packet queues and dynamically schedules adequate number of slots for packet transmission. We have implemented iQueue-MAC on STM32W108 chips that offer IEEE 802.15.4 standard communication. We set up several real-world experimental scenarios, including a 46 nodes multi-hop test-bed for simulating a general application, and conducted numerous experiments to evaluate iQueue-MAC, in comparison with other traffic adaptive duty-cycle protocols, such as multi-channel version RI-MAC and CoSenS. Results clearly show that iQueue-MAC outperforms multi-channel version of RI-MAC and CoSenS in terms of packet delay and throughput.