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Acoustic Similarity Scores for Keyword Spotting

Veiga, A. ; Lopes, C. ; Sá, L. V. ; Perdigão, F.

Acoustic Similarity Scores for Keyword Spotting, Proc International Conf. on Computational Processing of Portuguese - PROPOR, São Carlos, Brazil, Vol. 8775, pp. 48 - 58, October, 2014.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1007/978-3-319-09761-9_5


This paper presents a study on keyword spotting systems based on acoustic similarity between a filler model and keyword model. The ratio between the keyword model likelihood and the generic (filler) model likelihood is used by the classifier to detect relevant peaks values that indicate keyword occurrences. We have changed the standard scheme of keyword spotting system to allow keyword detection in a single forward step. We propose a new log-likelihood ratio normalization to minimize the effect of word length on the classifier performance. Tests show the effectiveness of our normalization method against two other methods. Experiments were performed on continuous speech utterances of the Portuguese TECNOVOZ database (read sentences) with keywords of several lengths.