Creating and sharing knowledge for telecommunications

Blind Hyperspectral Unmixing

Nascimento, J. ; Bioucas-Dias, J.

Blind Hyperspectral Unmixing, Proc Europe Remote Sensing - SPIE, Florence, Italy, Vol. 6748, pp. 67480J - 67480J-8, September, 2007.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1117/12.738158

Abstract
Hyperspectral unmixing methods aim at the decomposition of a hyperspectral image into a collection endmember signatures, i.e., the radiance or reflectance of the materials present in the scene, and the correspondent abundance fractions at each pixel in the image.
This paper introduces a new unmixing method termed dependent component analysis (DECA). This method is blind and fully automatic and it overcomes the limitations of unmixing methods based on Independent Component Analysis (ICA) and on geometrical based approaches. DECA is based on the linear mixture model, i.e., each pixel is a linear mixture of the endmembers signatures weighted by the correspondent abundance fractions. These abundances are modeled as mixtures of Dirichlet densities, thus enforcing the non-negativity and constant sum constraints, imposed by the acquisition process.
The endmembers signatures are inferred by a generalized expectation-maximization (GEM) type algorithm. The paper illustrates the effectiveness of DECA on synthetic and real hyperspectral images.