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Parallel Implementation of Vertex Component Analysis for Hyperspectral Endmember Extraction

Alves, J.M.R.A ; Nascimento, J. ; Bioucas-Dias, J. ; Silva, V. ; Plaza, A.

Parallel Implementation of Vertex Component Analysis for Hyperspectral Endmember Extraction, Proc IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symp.- IGARSS, Munich, Germany, Vol. -, pp. 4078 - 4081, July, 2012.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/IGARSS.2012.6350513

Abstract
Vertex component analysis (VCA) has become a very popular and useful tool to linear unmix large hyperspectral datasets without the use of any a priori knowledge of the constituent spectra. Although VCA is
fast method, many hyperspectral imagery applications require a response in real time or near-real time.

This paper proposes two different optimizations for accelerating the computational performance of VCA: the first one focus a parallel implementation based on graphics computing units (GPUs) to alleviate the VCA computational burden; The second one is focused on the
development of a strategy to remove a large proportion of mixed pixels that play no effect on the VCA functioning.

Experiments are conducted using simulated and real hyperspectral datasets. These results reveal considerable acceleration factors, which satisfies the real-time constraints given by the data acquisition rate.